Peridot comes from the Arabic word faridat meaning gem. It is formed as a result of volcanic activity and is mainly found in places where pressure and heat are abundant like volcanic rock and the mantle of the Earth. Several years ago, native Hawaiians discovered Peridot crystals in the black sands of Hawaii, explaining their presence as tears shed by Pele, the volcano goddess. Throughout history, the Peridot has been used as a means ro connect with nature.
It has been said that the Peridot glowed with light even after it was dark outside. That’s why miners were said to have hunted for these gems at night, marking their location, then returning the next day to retrieve them. Because of this mining technique, the Peridot has been given the nickname “evening emerald.”
Peridot ranges in color from light yellowish-green to a dark olive. The Egyptians began mining this stone in the early 1500′s. Today it is found in Burma, Norway, Brazil, Australia, Hawaii, The Congo and in Arizona. It is a 6.5-7 on the Moh’s Hardness Scale. The Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C. houses the largest known cut Peridot, a whopping 310 carat gem.
Back in the day, Peridot was ground into a powder and used as a remedy for asthma and as a cure for thirst that was brought on by fever. It is believed to protect against evil and negativity. It is used as a whole body tonic and also to channel spirits. Wearing Peridot was thought to bring peace and provide protection against nightmares.
A gift of Peridot is symbolic of vitality. It signifies strength, both individual and within a relationship, as well as the promise of new growth in years ahead. Peridot is the official gemstone for the 16th wedding anniversary.
Sardonyx is the alternate birthstone for August It is a type of translucent or opaque quartz with alternating parallel bands of brownish red and white. It is mined in India, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Brazil and Uraguay. A gift of this stone is considered symbolic of happiness within a relationship.