Sapphire comes from the Greek word “sapphirus” meaning blue. It is a very hard stone, with a ranking of 9 on the Moh’s Hardness Scale. The sapphire is a variety of the mineral Corundum, which is found in every color of the rainbow. Red corundum is considered a ruby, with all other colors being classified as sapphire and blue being the most prized color. Sapphires are found in Sri Lanka, Kashmir, Myanmar, Thailand, Australia, Nigeria, Kenya, Tanzania, China and Madagascar.
Sapphires have been a long time favorite among priests and kings, who consider them symbolic of wisdom and purity. It was once believed the world was set up on an enormous sapphire that painted the whole sky blue with its reflection. When ground into a powder, it is believed to cure colic, rheumatism and mental illness and strengthen eyesight. When a sapphire amulet is worn, it is said to be protective against envy and poisoning.
A gift of sapphire represents sincerity, peace and faithfulness. It is the recommended gemstone for the 5th and 45th wedding anniversaries.