Sapphire comes from the Greek word “sapphirus” meaning blue. It is a very hard stone, with a ranking of 9 on the Moh’s Hardness Scale. The sapphire is a variety of the mineral Corundum, which is found in every color of the rainbow. Red corundum is considered a ruby, with all other colors being classified as sapphire and blue being the most prized color. Sapphires are found in Sri Lanka, Kashmir, Myanmar, Thailand, Australia, Nigeria, Kenya, Tanzania, China and Madagascar. Continue reading
The name diamond is of Latin origin meaning “invincible.” Diamond’s are composed of very densely packed carbon atoms and are the hardest substance on Earth. Diamonds are either colorless or can be red, yellow, brown, black, green, blue, pink or violet. Yellow is the most common fancy color and pink is the most rare. A diamond gets its blue color from the presence of boron.
The word aquamarine is derived from the word aqua meaning “water” and maris meaning “sea”. This gem comes in several shades of blue ranging from blue-green to a light sky blue. Aquamarine is a 7.5 to 8 on the Moh’s Hardness Scale. It is a member of the beryl family and is readily available in many different shapes and sizes.
It is said to protect against sea sickness, protect against dangers at sea and is thought to originate from a mermaids jewelry box. Aquamarine is also believed to bring wisdom, success, true love, peace, and popularity to those who wear it. It is believed to reawaken tired marriages and symbolizes safety and security. Aquamarine has long been believed to be a curer of problems with the vocal cords, speech and problems with the thyroid gland.
Aquamarine is found mainly in Brazil, but is also located in China, India, USA, Australia, and Africa. It was adopted as the Colorado state gemstone in 1971 and is the accepted anniversary gemstone for the 19th year of marriage.
The word amethyst comes from the Greek word amethystos meaning “sober”. It is a variety of quartz and comes in many shades of purple. The amethyst was once considered more valuable than diamonds. It is a very abundant gemstone and is available in many different shapes and sizes. The ancient Greeks believed that it had magical and medicinal properties. It’s said to prevent baldness, improve the complexion and protect from treason and deceit. If an amethyst is worn it will alleviate migraines and help to improve concentration. This stone also has a soothing and relaxing effect and promotes healthy sleep. It is also a symbol of peace, protection and tranquility. Amethysts are also used to treat swelling, insect bites and acne. It is found in Brazil, Uruguay, Mexico, Western Australia and Morocco. The amethyst is the accepted anniversary gemstone for the 6th year of marriage
Blue Topaz was long ago considered a stone that had “cooling properties” meaning that if it were thrown into a pot of boiling water it would immediately cool it down. This belief also led to the idea that it was able to cool down hot tempers. Some healing properties that it was thought to have were: the ability to cure insanity, asthma and weak vision. Blue Topaz was also thought to have magical powers that could make its wearer invisible in a threatening situation. It is the hardest of the silicate materials and comes in a variety of colors such as blue, pale green, red, yellow and pink. If you were to go looking for a place to mine Blue Topaz you would want to travel to Brazil, Nigeria, Sri Lanka, Mexico, Pakistan, China or the United States. Who knows, you might have some waiting to be dug up right in your back yard, but that’s highly unlikely. If you were thinking of giving a gift of Blue Topaz to someone it would symbolize love and fidelity.
The word citrine comes from the old French word “citrin” meaning lemon. It is one of the more rare forms of quartz. It ranges in color from the palest of yellow to a dark amber called Madeira. Citrine is known to change color when exposed to heat, so it is important to keep it out of direct sunlight. It ranks a 7 on the Moh’s Hardness Scale. Citrine is found mainly in Brazil, but it is also found in Bolivia and Madagascar.
It was believed to have magical powers and was worn to ward off evil thoughts, the plague, bad skin and snake venom. Citrine was also used as a remedy for urinary and kidney ailments. Getting a gift of citrine is a symbol of hope and strength. In addition to being November’s birthstone, it is also the suggested gemstone for the 13th year of marriage.